Albert Einstein, the father of modern physics, was born in Ulm, Kingdom of Wurttemberg, German Empire on March 14, 1879.
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Biography Of Albert Einstein:
His parents were Herman Einstein and Pauline Koch. They belonged to the Jewish community. His father was a scientific utility salesman, electrician and his mother was a housekeeper. The whole family moved to Munich in 1880. In the 1894 when he was only 15 years old, his family moved to Italy. They stayed in Milan for a couple of months and then again moved to Pavia. In Munich, Albert was admitted to a Catholic elementary school (at the age of 5) and he received elementary education (for 3 years) there.
At the age of 8, he was admitted to Luitpold Gymnasium where he received advanced primary and secondary school education. He spent two years in search of a teaching job after his graduation but he failed to find it. His search for the job ended when he was appointed as a Federal Officer for the Intellectual property at the patent office.
In January 1903 he married Mileva Maric. The couple was blessed with 3 children.
In 1905 his thesis entitled ‘ A New Determination of Molecular Dimensions ‘ was published and he was awarded a PhD degree by the University of Zurich for his work.
In the same year, he came up with his revolutionary works which were based on Photo-electric effect, Brownian motion, the special theory of relativity, and the equivalence of matter and energy.
As a result, he came into limelight and became famous instantly. He also became one of the leading scientists of the world.
In 1908 the University of Berlin appointed him as a lecturer but he quit the position.
In 1911, he became a full-time professor at the Karl- Ferdinand University in Prague.
In 1914 he got separated from his wife.
In 1916, he was appointed as the president of the German physical society (for 2 years).
In June (2nd) 1919, he married Elsa Lowenthal.
The mayor of New York officially invited him to come to US on April 2, 1921.
Therefore, he visited many countries including Singapore, Ceylon, Japan, America, and Belgium to serve his lecture.
Suddenly, a new law had been passed in Germany according to which Jews could not hold any official position there, including teaching at the universities. The Nazis in Germany not only targeted his work but they also declared a bounty of $5000 on his head.
He took shelter in England temporarily and finally decided to stay permanently in the United States. Therefore, he applied for the citizenship and gained it in the year 1940.
In his later years he was offered the position of President of Israel but he refused stating that he had neither aptitude nor the experience.
In 1921, he received the Nobel Prize in physics.
Finally Albert Einstein,the father of modern physics, died at Princeton, New Jersey, United States on April 18, 1955, at the age of 76.
Albert Einstein Famous Quotes:
“Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world. ”
“There are only two ways to live your life. One is as though nothing is a miracle. The other is as though everything is a miracle. ”
“It’s not that I’m so smart, it’s just that I stay with problems longer.”
“Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school. ”
“I believe in intuitions and inspirations. I sometimes feel that I am right. I do not know that I am right. “
” If you can’t explain it to a six year old, you don’t understand it yourself. ”
“Unthinking respect for authority is the greatest enemy of truth. ”
“Life is like riding a bicycle. To keep your balance you must keep moving. ”
“Logic will get you from A to B . Imagination will take you everywhere. ”
“Strive not to be a success, but rather to be of value.”
“Look deep into nature, and then you will understand everything better. ”
“The monotony and solitude of a quiet life stimulates the creative mind.”
“Two things are infinite: the Universe and Human stupidity; and I’m not sure about the Universe. ”
“Never memorize something that you can look up.”
“Once we accept our limits, we go beyond them. ”
“Imagination is everything. It is the preview of life’s coming attractions. ”
“Most people say that it is the intellect which makes a great scientist. They are wrong: it is character. ”
“Great spirits have always encountered violent opposition from mediocre minds.”
“No problem can be solved from the same level of consciousness that created it.”
“Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new.”
“Reality is merely an illusion, albeit a very persistent one.”
Albert Einstein’s Inventions:
Although Einstein is thought to have been a genius and one of the world’s greatest thinkers; he is not known for his inventions like Thomas Edison or Nikola Tesla. Despite the fact, his theories and ideas related to physics exert influence even today.
Much of his life is spent researching his theories of relativity which investigates space, time, matter and energy.
Albert Einstein`s significant inventions are:
Quantum Theory of light In this theory, he proposed that all light is composed of very small packets of energy which is called photons. He was of the view that photons were actually particles but they also had wave-like properties.
Special theory of relativity In his studies, he started to notice inconsistencies of Newtonian mechanics in their relation to the understanding of electromagnetism specifically Maxwell’s education.
In 1905 he published a paper where he proposed a new way of thinking about the mechanics of objects approaching the speed of light. In time, this concept became known as Einstein’s special theory of relativity.
Bose Einstein Condensate In 1924 he received a letter from an Indian Scientist Satyandranath Bose . The letter discussed in detail a way to think light as a gas filled with indistinguishable particles. Bose and Einstein worked together and extended this idea to atoms which led to a prediction for a new state of matter.
The photo electric effect This theory discusses the emissions of electrons from metal when light shines on it. He theorized that as light hits an object there is an emission of electrons which he deemed photo electrons.
Wave particle duality He persisted in asserting that light should be treated as both wave and particle. This theory came to known as wave particle duality.
Albert Einstein’s Brain:
After the birth of Albert Einstein’s doctors noticed that his brain was slightly bigger than normal babies. Everyone thought that he was not a normal baby.
Despite the fact stated above, he had such a sharp brain that no one could compete with him. He is no more with us for long 60 years but science becomes weak without his thesis. This is why everyone wants to know the secrets of his brain. They question– what was inside his brain which made him so special and famous as a scientist? We often wonder if his brain was equipped with some extraterrestrial material.
In 1995 (April 18) after the death of Albert Einstein Dr.Thomas Harvey took his brain out for the purpose of research without his family’s consent and ran away. For this act, Dr.Harvey was fired from the job. The doctor defended himself saying he did this for the purpose of research only.
He promised that he would surely conduct research on his brain. He added that his research would be beneficial for future scientists and the entire mankind. But he did not get the permission. As a result, the doctor preserved his brain in a jar and hid under a basement.
Later Albert Einstein’s son Hans Einstein permitted him to conduct the research on his father`s brain.
The doctor weighed the brain (1230grams) and found that it weighed less than a normal human brain (1400grams).
The scientists around the globe conducted research and found that it contained more cells than normal human brains. His Cerebral cortex was different. Moreover, it had 20percent more neuron density.
Finally, the scientists concluded that the above unique characteristics of his brain made him think like superhuman.
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